In the religion Islam word comes from an Arabic root word meaning “peace” and “submission.” Islam teaches every Muslim that one can only find peace in one’s life by submitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul, and deed. The same Arabic root word gives us “Salaam alaykum,” (“Peace be with you”), the universal Muslim greeting. So a person who believes in and consciously follows Islam is called a Muslim.
There are many followers of Islam in different parts of the world and is a major world religion, with over one billion followers worldwide approximately around 1/5 of the world population. It is considered one of the Abrahamic, monotheistic faiths, along with Judaism and Christianity. Although usually associated with the Arabs of the Middle East, less than 9% of Muslims are in fact Arab. We can easily find Muslims all over the world, of every nation, color, and race. The most populous Muslim country today is Indonesia, a non-Arab country.
What & who is “Allah”?
Allah is the proper name for Almighty God, and is often translated merely as “God.” Allah has other names also that are used to describe His characteristics: the Creator, the Sustainer, the Merciful, the Compassionate, etc. Arabic speaking Christians also uses the name “Allah” for Almighty God. In many regions “Allah” is also referred as “Khuda”.
Many Muslims believe that since Allah alone is the Creator, it is he alone that deserves our devout, love and worship. Islam holds to a strict monotheism. Any worship and prayers directed at saints, prophets, other human beings or nature is considered idolatry.
Who is their prophet?
Muslims honor and respect the Prophet Abraham (known in the Arabic language as Ibrahim). The Quran describes him as “a man of truth, a prophet” (Quran 19:41). Many aspects of Islamic worship, including pilgrimage and prayer, recognize and honor the importance of the life and teachings of this great prophet.
The Islamic Prayer…
“Salam (peace) be upon Abraham!” God says in the Quran (37:109).Muslims close each of the daily prayers with a du’a (supplication), asking Allah to bless Abraham and his family as follows: “Oh Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad, and the followers of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon Abraham and the followers of Abraham. Verily, You are full of praise and majesty.
There are also “five pillars of Islam” and that are as follows:-
In Islam, faith and good works go hand-in-hand. Only saying by words faith is not enough, for belief in Allah makes obedience to him a duty. The Muslim concept of worship is very broad. Muslims consider everything they do in life to be an act of worship, as long as it is done according to Allah’s guidance. There are also five formal acts of worship which helps them to strengthen their faith and obedience. They are often called as “five pillars of Islam” and these are
- Testimony of faith (Kalima or Shahaadah)
- Prayer (Adhan or salat)
- Almsgiving (Zakat or nisab)
- Fasting (Sawm or roza)
- Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Muslim considered their religion walks on the middle path and they do not live life with complete disregard for God or religious matters, but nor do they neglect the world to devote themselves solely to worship and prayer.